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          關于group presentations,你要這樣才能拿高分 (學姐滿滿的干貨錦集)

          來源: www.lov2go.com 發布時間:2020-03-08 論文字數:2177字
          論文編號: sb2020030621205229774 論文語言:English 論文類型:心得體會
          Group Presentation對中國留學生就那么難? 其實并沒有,這篇文章教你如何擺脫恐懼!
          無論是入門課程,實習課程還是高級研討會,group presentations都是每個人大學經驗的一部分,Presentation是小伙伴們比較常見的assignment了,但它依然可能會引起留學生們非常焦慮的情緒。很多同學們在出國之前并沒有多少機會進行 group presentation或者英文group presentation,因此到了英國以后,面對看起來復雜的presentation有點束手無策,尤其是group presentation可是比individual presentation多了更多不同的要求和挑戰,需要所有的小組成員全力配合,保持密切的溝通還有交流。但是很多同學們并不能碰見那么愿意配合的成員,畢竟和尚挑水的故事同學們也都聽說過,如果你選的課程里有group presentation時,請不要驚慌,而應該抓住機會學習和展示您的能力。閱讀以了解如何做才能使下一個group presentations令人難忘。
          所以今天小編就來給大家講講兩個例子,讓大家更清楚的了解Group Presentation是如何進行的。

           A. Indian online education market entry 印度在線教育市場進入

          1)確保組內成員都了解總的觀點
          group presentation中最明顯的一個問題在于,每個成員清楚自己需要做的工作,但是卻沒有人知道總的目標?;c時間討論各自的工作成果,你們的發現和結論,并確保對大家都對項目有一個統一和完整的觀點。比如,在這個課題中,有的成員需要負責分析印度online education market的現狀,有的成員需要負責分析entry的risk和opportunity等等。
          若大家只去了解自己負責的部分,而完全不管其他部分以及總的“market entry”問題的話,這就會是一個危險的嘗試。因為如果在Q&A階段,考官向你問到其他人負責的問題是,你只能一頭霧水了。
           
          2) 準備材料前
          你需要在最初的60秒鐘內讓你的觀眾感興趣。所以小組需要花時間想一個引人入勝的開場白,讓觀眾感興趣。比如,可以講一講印度經濟發展的迅猛勢頭,由此帶到它的online education market這一塊。
          在開始寫你的部分時,你需要規劃一下自己需要的信息。
          有哪些key points;必要的supporting points;實例;以及你的key findings。
          在這個課題中,如果你是負責分析risks的部分,那么你需要的key points可以從PESTEL著手,找到political,environmental,social,technological,economic以及legal risks。
          presentation的目的不是要表明你知道多少,而是簡明扼要地傳達你的key points、insightsconclusion。
           
          3) 構建你的presentation
          記住,就算是涉及數百萬美元資金的商業計劃都只需要十多頁或更少的幻燈片。你的ppt越簡潔越好…確保每頁幻燈片都十分重要。
          理想情況下,讓一個人負責你們組的ppt……這樣整個ppt才更和諧規范。每頁一個要點是最好的安排。
          在不同speaker上臺時一定要過渡,team leader最好在presentation開始之前介紹每一位成員。
           
          4) 上臺前
          邊說話邊微笑。你的笑容很有感染力!目光接觸非常重要?;蛘咧辽匐S機移動你的目光到房間每一個略高于頭部的點上。 聲音洪亮。許多學生緊張后聲音就變得很小,聽眾不得不努力去聽。
           
          5) Presentation
          稿子:如果你有準備稿子,千萬不要照著讀,偶爾看一眼就好了。最好準備一個小卡片就夠了,上面寫一點點提示詞。
          姿勢:不要雙臂交叉的站著,也不要把手放在口袋里。選擇一個基本姿勢,偶爾做一些簡單自然的手勢。
           
          6) Q&A環節
          許多小伙伴最害怕的就是提問環節了,所以大家可以自己提前模擬一下這個環節,找一個人當做考官,讓他隨機問幾個問題模擬回答一下。
          在這個例子中,可以問問market entry帶來的risks能如何解決啊,這些數據是從何處找到的,你的這個數據是xx國的,如果證明它能運用的印度上之類的。
          如果在考試時,你不理解考官提出的問題,可以讓他再仔細闡述一次。
          如果你不知道答案的話,不要自己亂說一氣,可以回答考官:
          “I’m not certain, but that is an important question that I would love to look into for you.

          B. 哈佛大學學者“How to Give a Great Group Presentation”



          1) Distribute the Work Evenly 平均分配工作
          The first step to planning an A-worthy presentation is to make sure everyone carries their own weight, though this is easier said than done. This step will set your presentation up for success but can be challenging to pull off. It is likely that at least some of the people in your group will have unmatched academic abilities and work ethics, but this problem can be overcome.
          Outline the work that needs to be done for the whole project and divvy up roles based on what people are comfortable doing. Make the expectations of each person clear so that there is accountability from start to finish—if something gets sloppily finished or is left entirely undone, the issue can be traced back to whatever group member is responsible and handled accordingly. If necessary, discuss problems with the professor. Don't let one person's laziness sabotage your entire group's work.

          2) Schedule Deadlines and Rehearsals in Advance 提前安排截止日期和彩排
          As a college student, it can be incredibly difficult to manage your own time let alone synchronize the schedules of several different group members. Planning to get together as far in advance as possible makes it less likely that other commitments are prioritized over important group planning time.
           
          At your first group meeting, set a timeline for when things need to be done. Schedule meetings, deadlines, and rehearsals as far into the future as the assignment allows. Never plan to cram at an all-night stress fest the night before tired and over-extended group members will have a hard time executing even the most well-planned presentation.
           
          3) Present Together 一起呈現
          Just as you should use the strengths and weaknesses of group members to assign planning roles before the presentation, you should consider the abilities of every group member when deciding how the presentation itself should actually be delivered. Cohesion is crucial to a great presentation. People will notice if one or more group members do not speak or the presentation gets off-topic each time a new person takes over, and weak delivery does not bode well for your grade.
          When you are planning how you will present, ask yourself and your group members the following questions:
           
          • What is the best way to deliver this material?
          • What presenting strengths does each group member have?
          • What goals must be met during the presentation?
          • How will we divide and conquer scripting the presentation?
          • What will we do if the presentation gets off-topic or a member forgets their part?

          4) Prepare for Emergencies 為緊急情況做準備
          Hopefully, you have put the time into creating an outstanding presentation, so don't let small hiccups derail it. Make sure that you know each other's responsibilities well enough to take over for them in times of crisis.
           
          You never know when someone will get unexpectedly sick, face a family emergency, or be otherwise unable to show up for a presentation. Have a system in place where one group member can serve as an understudy for another group member so that your presentation does not crash and burn if someone is not there. Make the most of your preparations by planning for any scenario and remember to work as a team when things go wrong.

          5) Rehearse 排練
          For a crisp presentation that leaves a strong impression on your professor and classmates, you need to rehearse. At least one run-through from beginning to end can smooth out any wrinkles, help nervous members overcome their fear, and ensure that you haven't left anything out.
           
          Go through your parts as planned and offer each other constructive feedback immediately after. This may be uncomfortable, but helpful peer feedback can prevent negative feedback and bad grades from professors. Frame comments to members positively with a "glow and a grow": one thing they did really well and one area for improvement.
          You should also discuss a dress code right before you rehearse so that all group members don the appropriate attire for the occasion. Lend each other clothes to help each other out if needed.

          6) Stay Present During the Presentation 在演示過程中保持狀態
          As long as your group is up there presenting, you need to be giving the presentation your all. This means that, even if your part is over, you should remain alert, engaged, and undistracted. This will make your presentation look and sound better while also enabling seamless emergency transitions. If you pay attention to your whole presentation, you will be much better prepared to step in for someone that needs rescuing—also, odds are that everyone else (professor included) will be more likely to pay attention if they see you paying attention.

          7) Celebrate 慶祝
          Group presentations can be very effortful and time-consuming, so the celebration is definitely in order once it's over. Reward yourself as a team for a job well done to bond after the potentially traumatizing experience you have shared. http://www.lov2go.com/

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